Thursday, December 16, 2010

Time to move on to XMRV treatment in CFS

Baraniuk JN., Georgetown University,
3800 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007-2197, USA.

Xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) is a gamma retrovirus that has been associated with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and prostate cancer. The search for viral causes of these syndromes was reignited by the finding that RNase L activity was low in hereditary prostate cancer and some CFS patients.

The six strains of XMRV that have been sequenced have greater than 99% identity, indicating a new human infection rather than laboratory contamination.

DNA, RNA, and proteins from XMRV have been detected in 50% to 67% of CFS patients and in about 3.7% of healthy controls. XMRV infections could be transmitted to permissive cell lines from CFS plasma, suggesting the potential for communicable and blood-borne spread of the virus and potentially CFS.

This troubling concept is currently under intense evaluation.

The most important steps now are to independently confirm the initial findings; develop reliable assays of biomarkers;

and to move on to investigations of XMRV pathophysiology and treatment in CFS, prostate cancer, and potentially other virus-related syndromes, if they exist.

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