By Tami Dennis, Tribune Health, March 17, 2011:
HIV transmission via live organ donation can still happen. To be more specific: It has now happened for the first time since 1989. A person suffering from kidney failure -- who had no known history of sexually transmitted infections, injection drug use or high-risk sexual activity -- was given a kidney, and HIV, in 2009.
The New York City case marks the first known HIV transmission of this type in the U.S. since 1985, when laboratory screening for HIV became available. An account in this week's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report from the CDC has the details....
The transplant team knew the donor, a male, had previously been treated for syphilis and that he'd had sex with men, but laboratory tests 79 days before transplant had found no evidence of the human immuno-deficiency virus, hepatitis B or hepatitis C. The operation commenced.
Afterward, the recipient, who tested negative for HIV 12 days before the transplant, did not have a problem-free recovery. In fact, multiple hospitalizations were required, and there were fears the kidney would be rejected.
A year later, the recipient was diagnosed with HIV. So was the donor. The detective work commenced. Read more>>